Kazakhstan’s entry into the World Trade Organization opens up new opportunities for both Kazakhstani exporters and foreign investors, who are provided with a favorable investment climate and liberal regulation.
The key advantage of Kazakhstan - its advantageous geographical position - predetermines its significant transport potential in the field of transit traffic. Air, rail and road from Europe to Asia, in particular, to Western China, and from there to the countries of South-East Asia pass through the territory of Kazakhstan.
The wide opportunities provided by integration into international transport corridors are demonstrated by the structure of export of goods from Kazakhstan
Exports of goods from Kazakhstan (data 2018)
- European countries - 55.7%
- Asia - 26.3%
- CIS countries - 15.5%
- EAEU countries - 9.7%
Aktau Sea Port is located on the eastern coast of the Caspian Sea at the intersection of several international transport corridors. Aktau Sea Port is a modern multi-purpose terminal through which dry goods, crude oil and petroleum products are transported from east to west, from north to south and back in the direction of Iran, Turkey, Russia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan.
In 1999, the seaport of Aktau was completely reconstructed, which was a turning point in the history of its development.
The port's carrying capacity is 16.5 million tons, including: 4 oil loading terminals (12 million tons), 3 dry cargo terminals (2.5 million tons) and 1 ferry terminal (2 million tons).
The port has all the necessary road and rail access roads, which has reduced the speed of processing ferry cargoes from 10-12 hours on average to 4 hours.
Port Kuryk is located on the east coast of the Caspian Sea, south of the port of Aktau. The port is located in a natural bay in the bay, which provides favorable weather conditions for work. The port is able to take car and rail ferries all year round.
In December 2016, the construction of a railway ferry terminal with a capacity of 4 million tons was completed.
Since the beginning of operations, about 3 million tons of cargo have been handled through the port, including 24 thousand units. wagons; 2.8 thousand units wheeled vehicles.
Despite the fact that Kazakhstan is landlocked, the geo-economic potential of its location in the center of the Eurasian continent is being actively used. In 2014, the Kazakh-Chinese terminal began its work in the coastal port of Lianyungang in eastern China. Favorable location of the port, well-established rail and sea communications with major Chinese cities and ports contribute to the integration of Kazakhstan into international logistics chains.
The main task of the terminal is to concentrate cargo from the countries of Southeast Asia in the direction of Central Asia, Russia and Europe. It is expected that by 2020 the terminal will handle more than 550 thousand 20-ton containers per year.
International Center for Border Cooperation "Khorgos"
The Khorgos International Center for Border Cooperation is a trade hub, one of the largest projects implemented on the initiative of the heads of state of Kazakhstan and China. The project aims at facilitating trade with China and developing the transport potential of both countries.
ICBC "Khorgos" is one of the key projects not only for the transport and logistics system of Kazakhstan, but also for the entire transcontinental corridor Western Europe - Western China.
ICBC "Khorgos" is one of the components of the special economic zone "Khorgos - Eastern Gate", which also includes a large transport and logistics complex ("dry port"), industrial and residential areas
Batumi Oil Terminal
The Batumi oil terminal is located on the Black Sea coast, in the city of Batumi (Georgia) and provides its customers with services for transshipment of oil and oil products from Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Georgia and other countries. The owner is KazTransOil JSC, a subsidiary of JSC NC KazMunayGas.
The main advantage of the terminal is the flexibility of storing and transshipment of various types of oil and petroleum products: the Batumi oil terminal is capable of handling up to 22 types of oil and petroleum products. Cargo is delivered by rail and poured into tank farms through specialized railway racks.
Kazakhstan as part of the Eurasian Economic Union is actively expanding the geography of trade: negotiations are underway to conclude agreements on a free trade zone with India, Singapore, Serbia, Israel, and Egypt. Such agreements have already been concluded with the PRC and Iran (interim agreement).